The quantum yields of bleaching for two artificial pigments, bovine opsin combined with (3R)-3-hydroxy retinal or (3R,S)-3-methoxy retinal, were determined in comparison to the value for regenerated bovine rhodopsin. Regeneration of the visual pigments was performed by incubation of 3-[(3-Cholamidopropyl)-dimethylammonio]-2-hydroxy-1- propanesulfonate (CHAPSO)-solubilized opsin with the 11-cis isomers of retinal and the respective retinal derivatives. The extinction coefficients of the pigments in CHAPSO were determined to 35,000 M-1 cm-1 (native rhodopsin), 35,300 M-1 cm-1 (regenerated rhodopsin) and 34,500 M-1 cm-1 (3-OH retinal opsin). With respect to rhodopsin (lambda max: 500 nm), the pigments carrying the substituted chromophores exhibit blue shifted absorbance maxima (3-hydroxy and 3-methoxy retinal opsin: 488 nm). In parallel experiments under absolutely identical conditions we find related to the value of CHAPSO solubilized rhodopsin (identical to 1) a quantum efficiency of bleaching for the 3-hydroxy pigment of 1.2.
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