One-pot large-scale synthesis of robust ultrafine silica-hybridized CdTe quantum dots.


A facile one-pot strategy for synthesis of silica-hybridized CdTe quantum dots (SiO(2)-h-CdTe QDs) in aqueous solution is presented, and subkilogram scale fluorescent SiO(2)-h-QDs can be readily produced in one batch. This approach also makes the tuning of emission wavelength and absorption bandgap of SiO(2)-h-QDs accessible for the first time. In the case of using MPA as ligand, the emission wavelength and absorption bandgap can be tuned in the range of 546-584 nm (the corresponding diameter of QDs increased from 2.0 to 3.2 nm) and 2.55-2.27 eV, respectively. The content of QDs in the resulting nanohybrids can also be readily adjusted in a wide range of 2-95 wt % by the feed ratio of QDs to silica precursors. The resulting SiO(2)-h-QDs are ultrafine with diameters 8-16 nm, and show excellent optical properties, high stability, low toxicity, and versatile surface functionality compared with the neat QDs. Various functional groups such as amino, epoxy, and hydroxyl can be readily introduced to the surface of SiO(2)-h-QDs by silane-coupling chemistry and surface-initiated polymerization. Our strategy opens up enormous opportunities to make full use of these robust fluorescent nanohybrids in various applications because of their facile availability, cost-effective productivity, and high stability.


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